Late 14th century to early 15th century Dissenters to the Popery of the RC Church formed the Lollards. Led by John Wycliffe in England.
By the end of the 15th century Lollardry had been suppressed and all but disappeared.
1483 to 1546 Martin Luther. In Germany, he led dissenters and was supported by protesting princes; they became known as “Protestants”.
1509 to 1564 Jean Calvin vindicated “Protestantism” in France.
1536 to 1539 Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII.
1555 John Knox brings Calvinistic Protestantism to Scotland.
1558 to 1603 as a reaction against Book of Common Prayer and bishops Puritanism and origins of religious Independency grew under Elizabeth I in England. Groups encompassing the reforms formed Congregationalists, Unitarians and Baptists.
Formation of the Presbyterian Church under James VI in Scotland.
1642 to 1649 Religious and political opposition to Catholic rule of Charles I led to Civil War, with Congregationalists, Presbyterians and Baptists fighting for Parliament.
1652 George Fox started the first meeting of the Quakers, or Society of Friends, in Sedburgh, Yorkshire.
1660 Restoration of Charles 11. Restoration of bishops in England (not in Scotland)